‘ickum’kiléelixpe (Big Hole) village sketch map [1877], 1927

Cultural Narrative: 

Original hand-drawn color map, 29 x 22 cm. Drawn by 'iléxni 'éewteesin' (Many Wounds or Sam Lott) and L. V. McWhorter when on the ground with hímiin maqsmáqs (Yellow Wolf), 1927. Thick blue is the north fork of the ‘ickum’kiléelixpe (Big Hole river); surrounding notations include open land, a buffalo wallow, willow thickets, "twin pines," a bridge, and two trails. The Nez Perce ‘ickum’kiléelixpe (Big Hole) village is outlines, with the teepee of páaxataas 'ewyíin' (Five Wounds) at the right; the camp is noted as 107 paces in width at the wide end, and 525 paces in length (the 525 appears to be crossed out, but further research would be required to know who did so). Numbered locations (underlined in red) are 1: Soldier killed by hímiin maqsmáqs (Yellow Wolf); 2: Officer standing dead on feet; 3: Wahlaytíc (Wal-li-tits [Shore Crossing, also as Wahlitits]) and wife killed; and 4: Soldier killed by Wahlaytíc (Wal-li-tits).

In the summer of 1927, three Nez Perce (piyopyóot’alikt (Peo Peo Tholekt), hímiin maqsmáqs (Yellow Wolf), and 'iléxni 'éewteesin' (Many Wounds)) and Yakima rancher Lucullus V. McWhorter traveled to the battlefields of the 1877 Nez Perce War and wrote down the Nez Perce's memories of what had happened.