c'aynim 'alikinwaaspa (Bear Paw Battlefield) viewed from the bluff

Cultural Narrative: 

Landscape view of the c'aynim 'alikinwaaspa (Bear Paw Mountain Battlefield) looking down from the bluff. It was here that Nez Perce warriors dug in and fired upon Colonel Miles' men during the last battle of the Nez Perce War of 1877. This was the final battle of the war, and the location where hinmatóoyalahtq’it (Chief Joseph) delivered his now famous speech containing the line, "I will fight no more, forever." McWhorter visited this site multiple times, first in 1927 when, along with hímiin maqsmáqs (Yellow Wolf), the battlefield was first staked. In 1932, when this photograph was taken, McWhorter returned to replace stakes that were missing due to weather and erosion. On verso of photograph: "Bear Paw looking from the bluff where I found all the bullets."