Nez Perce tim’úuni (Rifle) Pits and Marker at c'aynim 'alikinwaaspa (Bear Paw Mountain)

Cultural Narrative: 

On the back of the photo: "Looking across the battlefield of Bear Paw Mountains with the Nez Perce rifle pit at the left and Indian marker nearby, while other markers and scar between them appear in the distant center. Photo Nov 24th 1932 by Emil Kopac Oshkosh Nebr."

McWhorter visited this site multiple times. First was in 1927 along with hímiin maqsmáqs (Yellow Wolf), McWhorter staked the battlefield. In 1932, when this photograph was taken, McWhorter returned to replace stakes that were missing due to weather and erosion. c'aynim 'alikinwaaspa (Bear Paw Mountain) was within three days travel of the Canadian border, and it was here that hinmatóoyalahtq’it (Chief Joseph) surrendered to Colonel Nelson Miles, who had marched through the Little Rockies to the east of the Nez Perce camp. It was here that hinmatóoyalahtq’it (Joseph) made his now famous speech containing the line, "I will fight no more, forever."